Low and negative economic growth often leads to increased poverty, widespread economic hardship, or even civil conflict. In contrast, greater national output means that there is a bigger economic pie to be shared. Higher economic growth is more likely to occur under conditions where individuals have a chance to participate freely in markets and where they can make the best use of their talents to enhance their well-being and propel the economy. Thus, greater economic freedom achieved through reforms is linked to sustainable economic growth and development. Yet reforms often encounter resistance from the groups that benefit from the status quo. Overcoming this resistance is a key challenge for reformers everywhere.