Chinese investment and growing economic presence in Africa has become a new force in the process of globalization and a topic of frequent debates. While some believe that the Chinese economic success provides an alternative development model for African countries to emulate, others express concerns about the low quality of Chinese imports, questionable labor practices of Chinese employers, and the implications of the Chinese economic expansion to the continent’s democratic development. So far, China has indiscriminately done business with authoritarian regimes such as that of Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe, often enabling political repression and human rights violations. What are the prospects for the future? Can China reconsider the nature of its involvement in Africa? Can the African people shape this relationship to their benefit?